Categorial structure of the word

The grmmticl ctegory is system of expressing generlized grmmticl mening by mens of prdigmtic correltion of grmmticl forms. The ordered set of grmmticl forms expressing ctegoril function constitutes prdigm. The prdigmtic correltions of grmmticl forms in ctegory re exposed by grmmticl oppositions which re generlized correltions of lingul forms by mens of which certin functions re expressed.

2014-08-04

3.15 KB

34 чел.


Поделитесь работой в социальных сетях

Если эта работа Вам не подошла внизу страницы есть список похожих работ. Так же Вы можете воспользоваться кнопкой поиск


Categorial structure of the word

The most general meanings rendered by language and expressed by systemic correlations of word-forms are interpreted in linguistics as categorial grammatical meanings. The forms rendering these meanings are identified within definite paradigmatic series.

The grammatical category is a system of expressing a generalized grammatical meaning by means of paradigmatic correlation of grammatical forms. The ordered set of grammatical forms expressing a categorial function constitutes a paradigm. The paradigmatic correlations of grammatical forms in a category are exposed by grammatical oppositions which are generalized correlations of lingual forms by means of which certain functions are expressed.

There exist three main types of qualitatively different oppositions: "privative", "gradual", "equipollent". By the number of members contrasted, oppositions are divided into binary and more than binary. The privative binary opposition is formed by a contrastive pair of members in which one member is characterized by the presence of a certain feature called the "mark", while the other member is characterized by the absence of this differential feature. The gradual opposition is formed by the degree of the presentation of one and the same feature of the opposition members. The equipollent opposition is formed by a contrastive group of members which are distinguished not by the presence or absence of a certain feature, but by a contrastive pair or group in which the members are distinguished by different positive (differential) features.



 

Другие похожие работы, которые могут вас заинтересовать.
3790. Morphemic structure of the word 3.16 KB
  The morphologicl system of lnguge revels its properties through the morphemic structure of words. One of the essentil tsks of morphology is to study the morphemic structure of the word. In trditionl grmmr the study of the morphemic structure of the word is bsed upon two criteri positionl nd semntic functionl. The morphemic composition of modern English words hs wide rnge of vrieties but the preferble morphemic model of the common English word is the following: prefix root lexicl suffix grmmticl suffix.
1882. The social production and its structure 21.23 KB
  There are two groups of needs. They are material needs (needs in clothing, foods, accommodations and etc ) and non -material needs (repair of a car, consultations, health, tourism and education services and etc.) The society should satisfy all these needs and depending on how it solve the problem
3681. Grammatical classes of the word 3.75 KB
  Term “prts of speech†denotes the lexicogrmmticl clsses of words correlting with ech other in the generl system of lnguge on the bsis of their grmmticlly relevnt properties. There re three types of grmmticlly relevnt properties of words tht differentite clsses of words clled “prts of speechâ€: semntic forml nd functionl properties. The semntic criterion refers to the generlized semntic properties common to the whole clss of words e.
4455. Работа с объектами в Word 82.51 KB
  Для запуска редактора формул следует выполнить команду Формула (лента Вставка). При этом появляется панель Конструктор – Работа с формулами, а на рабочем листе появляется «Место для формулы».
3334. Simple sentence: paradigmatic structure 5.82 KB
  Mry put the book on the tble; nd the second subctegory in which sttement is opposed to inducement e.: Mry put the book on the tble. – Mry put the book on the tble; the ctegory of existence qulity ffirmtion nd negtion in which ffirmtion is opposed to negtion cf.
3317. Simple sentence: constituent structure 4.61 KB
  Trditionlly the simple sentence hs been studied primrily from the point of view of its grmmticl or nomintive division: the content of the situtionl event reflected by the sentence which includes certin process s its dynmic center the gent of the process the objects of the process vrious conditions nd circumstnces of the process form the bsis of the trditionl syntctic division of the sentence into its nomintive positionl prts or members of the sentence. In other words ech notionl prt expresses certin semntic component or...
13917. Текстовий редактор Microsoft Word 379.95 KB
  Уставлення графічних обєктів. Уставлення таблиць Вікно програми Miсrosoft Word 2000 – текстовий редактор програма для створення й редагування текстових документів. Для запуску Microsoft Word необхідно виконати подвійне натискання на його значку мал. Для переходу до іншого вікна документа необхідно натиснути на його імені на панелі задач або в меню Окно що містить перелік усіх відкритих документів. Для його переміщення використовуються клавіші керування курсором або...
7747. Market: types, structure, models 11.14 KB
  Lecture outline Subtopic 1 Essence functions types structure of the mrket. Subtopic 2 The mrket s system of reltions. dvntges nd disdvntges of the mrket.
1228. Автоматизированное проектирование объект в APM Structure 3d и Autocad 2.66 MB
  Если расчетные расходы воды которые должны быть пропущены под сооружениями невелики то при ограниченной высоте насыпи мосты заменяют водопропускными трубами укладываемыми в тело насыпи как показано на рисунке. Такие мосты называют виадуками как показано на рисунке. Наиболее удобны в эксплуатации пересечения в разных уровнях для которых сооружают мосты–путепроводы как показано на рисунке.
15452. Microsoft WORD matn muharriri va uning imkoniyatlari 1.86 MB
  Bizg kеrk bo’lgn fyl joylshgn ppkni topish uchun biz chp tomondgi sox yoki yuqoridgi ruyxtdnfoydlnmiz. Fylni qidirish jryonid yuqorid joylshgn Назад - oldingi oyn ko’rinishig qytishвверх - yuqoridg ppkg chiqishискат в интернете - Intеrnеtd izlshудалить - tnlngn fyl yoki ppkni uchirishсоздат папку - yngi ppk yrtishВид - ppk v fyllr ko’rinish holtini uzgrtirish kichkin yoki ktt bеlgilr ruyxt yoki jdvl ko’rinishiСервис - hr xil yordmchi imkoniytlr.- Ko’rish kursor lup yoki uzgrtirish oddiy holtig o’tish- Ekrnd bitt vrq ko’rinish...
© "REFLEADER" http://refleader.ru/
Все права на сайт и размещенные работы
защищены законом об авторском праве.